The government has launched its energy white paper setting out specific steps it will take over the next decade to cut emissions from industry, transport, and buildings by 230 million metric tonnes – equivalent to taking 7.5 million petrol cars off the road permanently.
The plans are also aimed at supporting up to 220,000 British jobs, and keeping bills affordable as the country transitions to net-zero by 2050.
Alongside the energy white paper, the government has also confirmed that it is to enter negotiations with EDF in relation to the Sizewell C project in Suffolk as it considers options to enable investment in at least one nuclear power station by the end of this Parliament. If the project proceeds, it could create thousands of new jobs during construction and operation.
Business and energy secretary Alok Sharma said: "Today’s plan establishes a decisive and permanent shift away from our dependence on fossil fuels, towards cleaner energy sources that will put our country at the forefront of the global green industrial revolution.
"Through a major programme of investment and reform, we are determined to both decarbonise our economy in the most cost-effective way, while creating new sunrise industries and revitalising our industrial heartlands."
Rain Newton-Smith, the chief economist at the Confederation of British Industry, said: "The energy white paper is an important next step in our plans to reach our net-zero emissions target. Action is needed now, and the welcome focus on job creation around the country, developing sustainable low-carbon industries, and ensuring the transition is fair for consumers will all help us achieve our ambitious climate goals.
"Business stands ready to deliver the investment and innovation needed to turn ambition into reality, and the proposals outlined in the energy white paper will give business further confidence to deliver new infrastructure, including electric vehicle charging, renewable power generation and low-carbon upgrades to people’s homes."
Emma Pinchbeck, chief executive at energy firm, Energy UK, said the white paper "reveals the scale and opportunity of the energy transition, with aims in it to at least double the amount of clean electricity produced today, start making our homes warmer and greener, and help the switch to electric vehicles".
She added: "The energy industry will do our bit to innovate, supporting our customers so that they benefit from the net-zero transition and investing in the green infrastructure we need – but clear policies from government help us do that. This is what the white paper – and other publications over the next."
The energy white paper builds on the Prime Minister’s Ten Point Plan for clean energy, transport, nature and innovative technologies, as part of government's plans to forge ahead with eradicating its contribution to climate change by 2050, particularly crucial in the run-up to the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow next year, it said.