3 April 2019 | Herpreet Kaur Grewal
Around two-thirds of occupiers rank employee engagement (68 per cent) and talent attraction and development (65 per cent) as being two of the three most important drivers of corporate real estate (CRE) strategy, even ahead of cost-reduction, according to the 2019 EMEA Occupier Survey published by global real estate adviser CBRE.
The report demonstrates that people are becoming more "important than ever" as drivers of real estate decisions.
In last year's survey, cost reduction was the single most important driver of CRE strategy and employee engagement was fourth. But this year, cost reduction has dropped to fourth, employee engagement is second, and talent attraction and development is third.
In this context, optimising human capital is becoming the overriding aim of occupiers' property decisions.
At least a third of companies see labour and skills shortages as a key strategic challenge - double last year's result. In line with last year's survey, technology disruption (36 per cent) economic uncertainty (43 per cent) and cost escalation (31 per cent) all feature highly as key challenges for occupiers.
The study identifies four major levers through which companies are seeking to use real estate as a way of influencing and enhancing their appeal to skilled labour.
Procurement and fit-out strategy: While traditional procurement and fit-out approaches are still favoured when taking large leases in a new building, the survey found that occupiers are increasingly influenced by internal building characteristics. Nearly 60 per cent of occupiers would be willing to pay a premium of at least 10 per cent over typical prime rents for a curated high amenity offer under a service agreement, compared with 46 per cent who would pay a similar premium for a fully tech-enabled smart building.
Flexible space strategy: Corporate appetite for flexible space continues to grow, with the proportion of companies expecting to make significant use of flexible space over the next three years 20 per cent higher than those who currently do so. The use of flexible space as a means of attracting and retaining talent is up 10 per cent on last year. A rising number of companies are also using flexible space as part of a wider attempt to experiment with different workplace and occupancy models.
User Experience strategy: Formal User Experience (UX) programmes aimed at curating the full range of workforce needs across workplace, amenity and service are still not being widely used. Only around a third of companies have a formal UX programme, or plan to introduce one. But a third of companies have plans to hire a UX lead and two-thirds would be willing to pay a premium for a building in which the landlord had provided an enhanced UX offer.
Technology strategy: Technology disruption, particularly AI and machine learning, is becoming a key driver of technology strategy; 70 per cent of companies intend to raise their level of real estate technology investment in the next few years in a more people-focused direction. The methods of acquiring the skills needed to deliver these aims such as data scientists are becoming more sophisticated, with corporates pursuing a variety of approaches including outsourcing to specialists.
Richard Holberton, head of CBRE EMEA occupier research, said: "The challenge faced by occupiers is how to procure, design and manage real estate across different locations, functions and formats in a way that truly optimises human capital. These challenges are particularly acute for certain business functions - notably those that need to attract digital or data scientist talent, which is already scarce and in growing demand across all industry types."